The cost of the utilities
In order to assess corporate energy efficiency, first we must assess the overall efficiency of a business. In order to do that, it is necessary to consider the three components of an effective overall corporate energy policy for corporation facilities and operations. They are capital cost, LCR and non-operating expenses. Capital cost includes the cost of purchasing or leasing the facility or equipment, and any interest paid on the capital. The cost of the utilities consumed are also included in this figure.
If the annual operating costs of a corporation are more than 20% of its revenues, it is important to implement a corporate energy policy for corporation facilities and operations. This means the corporation must establish (and maintain) a baseline of all expenses and compare that amount against the revenue collected. With that baseline in place, any changes in cost or expenditure should be evaluated using the same criteria as the baseline established.
established and implemented an effective baseline
Once the company has established and implemented an effective baseline, then determine whether or not the changes are considered sustainable. A corporate sustainability goal is the only way to achieve long-term savings through efficiencies at all levels of the operation. There are several sustainability goals associated with corporate operations and policies. For example, if the goal is to reduce facility energy consumption per unit of output, then a corresponding reduction in energy efficiency should be implemented. Other sustainability goals include reducing non-energy utilization, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, increasing the share of renewable resources to a minimum level, and increasing the share of energy efficiency achieved through sources other than fossil fuels.
The third component of the corporate energy policy for corporation facilities and operations is a measurement of reductions in non-energy consumption. The most common measurements of these reductions are hours of consumption per calendar day and total consumption per year. The specific policies for units of consumption vary by policy area. For instance, a policy area may focus on decreasing the number of non-energy hours consumed by a facility during peak evening hours or decreasing the number of non-energy hours during non-peak evening hours. Other policies focus on decreasing the number of kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity consumption from facilities that are located in certain geographical areas.
current and future trends in energy use
The fourth component of the corporate energy policy for corporation facilities and operations is an analysis of energy savings potential at each facility. The analysis should include consideration of factors such as facility location, average number of daily visitors, average energy consumption of all employees, number of facilities in the local economy, and historical energy consumption. These factors can be analyzed by considering both current and future trends in energy use at the facility. The analysis should also take into account indirect impacts of the facility on the environment including transportation costs, external pollution, and the location of the facility in relation to resources for the local economy. The number and location of conservation projects carried out on behalf of the company should also be factored into the analysis.
Incandescent lighting, as well as other forms of direct lighting, have been identified as being among the highest causes of environmental damage and loss. Environmental issues must be included in all corporate energy management plans. Additionally, steps should be taken to ensure that all employees understand the importance and purpose of environmental planning and policy. In addition, management strategies should include consideration of purchasing energy efficient equipment, using energy-saving appliances and lighting, and reducing outdoor lighting to reduce the use of electrical power. The addition of solar hot water systems, or photovoltaic panels, to buildings’ means that more of the building’s energy consumption is diverted toward cooling and heating systems.